Coalición Restauración Ecosistemas Santurcinos, San Juan Puerto Rico


Proyect is foucus on coastal restoration on the most urbanized area of Puerto Rico at San Juan and Carolina. We identify ecosystems surrounding areas, educate about ecosystem services, and stablish contigent value. With outreach we involve the community interest to create planns for efficient management at very low cost. We need to improve the outreach becouse people sometimes get territorial and get against the proyect. For example, on the sand dunes restoration proyect the concesionaries renting umbrelas and beach sits get against for the competition of space. But they lack information for ecological services that eventually will be beneficial for them to.

  1. Also we creating green infrastructure at public parks. The outreach is less effort becouse people has more value for trees planted. The only problem is the subcontract companies that gives trimming services for the grass are the ones that kill more of the planted trees, we celebrate a 50% of survival rate between 3 to 5 years of planting trees.

Quick Facts

Geographic Region:

Country or Territory:
Puerto Rico

Coastal/Marine, Tropical Forest

Coastal, Dune & Upland, Estuaries, Marshes & Mangroves, Other/Mixed

Area being restored:
Coastal area and greener urban areas

Project Lead:
Coalicion Restauracion ecosistemas Santurcinos (CRES)

Organization Type:
NGO / Nonprofit Organization

Project Partners:
para la naturaleza, arrecifes prociudad, sociedad ambiente marino, Vegabajeños impulsando desarrollo ambiental sostenible.

Project Stage:

Start Date:
2014- 06

End Date:
2030- 06

Primary Causes of Degradation

Contamination (biological, chemical, physical or radiological), Deforestation, Invasive Species (native or non-native pests, pathogens or plants), Urbanization, Transportation & Industry

Degradation Description

coral reef, and mangroves sufers from cultural eutrophication. native flowers, shurbs and trees for urban green infrastructure lack in urban area becouse people do not value very well their ecological services. Also the lack of runoff water management and suage systems increace significally the cultural eutrophication. These has increace the erosion rate due to the dead of coral structure, and climate change effect.

Defining the Reference Ecosystem

The reference ecosystem is primarily based on historical information about ecological attributes at the site prior to degradation.

Reference Ecosystem Description

we focus on pulling up the diversity on sites foucus on native, endemic and autoctonoc species. Restoration effort sites are selected due to key species prevaleces and/or space availity. Using local genotypes and increassing diversity garantee success. Just on coral reefs areas we has not success as we want to due to water quality.

Project Goals

Educated community and raise the diversity richness of native and edemic species, to consolidate key species for each ecosystem.


Monitoring Details:
Documente the grow thruw the time and survival rate.

Start date, including baseline data collection:
At the start of the project

End Date:


How this project eliminated existing threats to the ecosystem:
education is essencial and we need to improve. human activity is our main threat.

How this project reinstated appropriate physical conditions (e.g. hydrology, substrate)",:
by planting trees, shurbs and flowers.

How this project achieved a desirable species composition:
is one of our objective to restoration

How this project reinstated structural diversity (e.g. strata, faunal food webs, spatial habitat diversity):
using key species and sustitution in case of is needed.

How this project recovered ecosystem functionality (e.g. nutrient cycling, plant-animal interactions, normal stressors):
for these we have our own nursery of native plants.

How this project reestablished external exchanges with the surrounding landscape (e.g. migration, gene flow, hydrology):
these is a need of more plan due to governamental burocrasy.

Activities were undertaken to address any socio-economic aspects of the project:
the burocrasy has been dificult on different guvernamental offices.

Ecological Outcomes Achieved

Eliminate existing threats to the ecosystem:
Is essential to work on the limnology of the areas.

Reinstate appropriate physical conditions",:
The use of native species especially key species.

Achieve a desirable species composition:
Diversity richness

Reinstate structural diversity:
Key species are scential

Recover ecosystem functionality:
By education people will help and has help with the recovery function of the ecosystem.

Reestablish external exchanges with the surrounding landscape:
By making outreach on water quality make impact to society.

Factors limiting recovery of the ecosystem:
Human population and lackment guvernamental imvolment on restoration activities.

Socio-Economic & Community Outcomes Achieved

Economic vitality and local livelihoods:
improvement of ecological services for long term with low cost maintaines.

Provision of basic necessities such as food, water, timber, fiber, fuel, etc.:
we focus on the barrier natural services.

Cultural dimensions such as recreational, aesthetic and/or spiritual:
Santurce is the most multicultural area of Puerto Rico with historical value.

Regulation of climate, floods, disease, erosion, water quality, etc.:
we try to reduce all of these stressors

Has the project had any negative consequences for surrounding communities or given rise to new socio-economic or political challenges?:
their is more Organization doing the same becouse of federal funding after huracane Marina at 2017.

Key Lessons Learned

Involve community is essencial

Long-Term Management

  • Longterm monitoring will be done by satellitel information systems
  • CRES respond for all proyect made.
  • We want to increase our stakeholders for doing more actions.
  • Improve the proyect done and expand them.

Sources and Amounts of Funding

since 2014 in matireal, grown species, and human effort about $150,000 US dollars.

Other Resources

Primary Contact

Juan D

Marine Biology

san juan


Organizational Contact