4 returns,3 zones, 20 years: A holistic framework for ecological restoration by people and business for next generations

Ferwerda, W.

Publication Date:

With the ‘4 returns, 3 zones, 20 years’ approach presented in this paper, a collaborative effort is created to envision a comprehensive and integrated way in which humanity can bring to bear its best awareness, management, capital and technical capacity to ensure human survival and sustainability by restoring fundamental ecological functionality to degraded landscapes on a planetary scale. This effort is urgently needed to stimulate and catalyse the monumental efforts that are required to show that humanity can act as a species on a planetary scale.

Resource Type:
White Paper

Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University; IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management and Commonland