Forest History as a Basis for Ecosystem Restoration: A Multidisciplinary Case Study in a South Swedish Temperate Landscape

Lindbladh, M., J. Brunet, G. Hannon, M. Niklasson, P. Eliasson, G. Eriksson and A. Ekstrand

Publication Date:

Basic knowledge of the previous forest types or ecosystem present in an area ought to be an essential part of all landscape restoration. Here, we present a detailed study of forest and land use history over the past 2,000 years, from a large estate in southernmost Sweden, which is currently undergoing a restoration program. In particular, the aim was to identify areas with long continuity of important tree species and open woodland conditions. We employed a multidisciplinary approach using paleoecological analyses (regional and local pollen, plant macrofossil, tree ring) and historical sources (taxation documents, land surveys, forest inventories). This study gives an example of the spatial and temporal variation of the vegetation that has historically occurred within one area and emphasizes that information from one methodological technique provides only limited information about an area’s vegetation history.

Resource Type:
Peer-reviewed Article

Restoration Ecology