Methods for Assessing and Monitoring Change in the Ecosystem-derived Benefits of Afforestation, Reforestation and Forest Restoration

Doswald, N., M. Osti and L. Miles (

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This report summarises the steps needed to design a system to assess and monitor change in ecosystem services resulting from afforestation, reforestation and forest restoration projects or programmes. Design of a monitoring scheme involves identifying how the results will be used, selecting appropriate indicators, defining a methodology for obtaining data and calculating indicators, and deciding how frequently monitoring will be undertaken. This report also refers to useful existing guidance on monitoring and indicators that will be of help in deciding what sort of monitoring to undertake and how to do so.

Resource Type:
White Paper