Stanturf, J.A., E.S. Gardiner, J.P. Shepard, C.J. Schweitzer, C. J. Portwood and L.C. Dorris Jr.
We report here on a comparison of four restoration techniques in terms of survival, accretion of vertical structure, and woody species diversity. The early success of the interplanting technique demonstrated that environmental benefits can be obtained quickly by more intensive efforts. Native recolonization can augment active interventions if limitations to dispersal distance are recognized. These results should provide landowners and managers with the confidence to use techniques of varying intensity to restore ecosystem functions.
Forest Ecology and Management