These results have major implications for international conservation programmes which use biodiversity as a major criterion for identifying priority regions. Unpicking and prioritizing biodiversity’s different threads will help environmental organisations better define and target hotspot regions. Current applications of complementarity could theoretically be expanded from a regional to a global perspective, to determine areas in which biodiversity representation is maximal but concepts are not applicable to assemblage properties (e.g. taxonomic distinctness).
Marine Ecology Progress Series